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Oil & Olives

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The olive treein ancient Greece was a symbol of piece, fertility, purification, power, victory, and attrition, with strategic role in history of the ancient times and civilizations. Its meaning was also great, except for everyday use, also used in tanning(leather industry), weaving, lighting, cosmetics, pharmacy, medicine, and in religious events . That way the olive tree formed a new culture that helped civilizations to emerge and develop new ways regarding olive harvesting and olive oil...

The olive treein ancient Greece was a symbol of piece, fertility, purification, power, victory, and attrition, with strategic role in history of the ancient times and civilizations. Its meaning was also great, except for everyday use, also used in tanning(leather industry), weaving, lighting, cosmetics, pharmacy, medicine, and in religious events . That way the olive tree formed a new culture that helped civilizations to emerge and develop new ways regarding olive harvesting and olive oil production technologies. The infancy of the olive tree cultivation is placed chronologically on the early stages of the bronze period, near 3000 BC. The first innovators regarding olive tree cultivation were the Minoans in ancient Crete, due to the temperate climate, the geomorphology, and its intensive primary farming production. There were commercial relations with a large network of civilizations in the eastern Mediterranean, that systematically cultivated and exploited the olive tree. That way possibly a knowledge exchange took place and other methods and practices become known in the island. Excavations brought to light huge food jars used for olive oil storage, justifying that a portion of the power that Minoan Kings had, was originated in the olive oil export to countries like Egypt and other regions in the Mediterranean sea. This opinion is also strong due to the fact  that from 1450 BC. a systematic exploitation with a rising trend took place . Other historical references regarding commerce and exploitation of the olive tree in the prehistoric Aegean sea can be found in the royal archives of Knossos palace, ancient Pylos, and Mycenae During the Homer period olive oil was used systematically as a cosmetic, in gyms, at  balneum (i.e. ancient baths) and in dead bodies. During Solon era, olive oil cultivated so systematically that the society had institute special laws and rules regarding trade and transport. .That way a continues, evolving technology emerged... the hard stones used to produce olive oil had been replaced by Linos (ancient vat) and then replaced again by olive oil mils. The paste pressure with bare hands replaced by the crowbar compression of Thirasia 600 B.C.. (Santorini), from the olive oil pressure of the classic era olive to the the single and twin screw oil press (worm gear) by Heron of Alexandria  near 100B.C., till today ... the completion of organised olive oil refineries.

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